男孩鸡鸡

状元文天祥:从官场浪子,到民族英雄

????1人生许多事,明知不可为,为何仍要为之?德佑元年(1275),南宋临安城里,朝野上下乱成一团。面对节节推进的蒙古兵,南宋各级官员,纷纷抛下年仅4岁的宋恭帝赵?(xiǎn)弃职逃命,已经66岁的太皇太后谢道清,为此在临安朝中,张榜痛斥公开逃窜的各级官员:“我朝三百多年,对士大夫以礼相待。现在我与新君遭蒙多难,你们这些大小臣子,不见一人出来救国。我们有什么对不起大家?你们内臣叛官离去,地方守令舍印弃城·····平日读圣贤书,所许谓何?乃于此时,作此举措,生何面目对人,死何以见先帝?”大宋帝国危亡,眼下崩溃在即,对于许多人来说,那些史书上“疾风知劲草,板荡识诚臣”的训导,早已被逃生的恐惧所笼罩,以状元出身的宰相留梦炎(1219-1295)为首,文臣武将们纷纷弃官逃命,南宋,这个自靖康之变以来就南渡偏安的政权,眼下,已摇摇欲坠。2危难时刻,另外一位状元出身的帝国官员,挺身而出。那是南宋宝佑四年(1256年)以20岁之身就荣膺状元的文天祥(1236-1283)。眼下,这位39岁的昔日状元,正担任赣州知府。当得知朝廷诏令天下勤王,这位“体貌丰伟,美皙如玉”的美男子状元,捧着勤王诏书痛哭流涕,尽管少年英才高中状元,但这位生性耿直、敢于在当时讽刺当权宰相贾似道的年轻官员,在南宋朝中并不受待见,为此他一度被贬,仕运坎坷。他刚硬正直,但也不是那种清汤寡水式的保守官员,他“性豪华,平生自奉甚厚,声伎满前”,是个懂得生活享受的人,但或许这是一种排遣仕途坎坷、心情抑郁的方式,当国家遭遇危难,各级官员纷纷出逃之时,他却痛哭流涕,变卖家产,毁家纾难,宁可让自己过上最苦的日子,也要“尽以家资为军费”,倾尽所有:打蒙古兵去。尽管今天的史书叙述方式变了,对于岳飞、文天祥的“民族英雄”提法变得隐晦起来,然而在那个外敌入侵、民族危亡的时刻,他们若不是民族英雄,哪么谁,才是民族英雄?在那个民族、国家危亡时刻,他散尽家财,东拼西凑,甚至联结了赣州境内的少数民族,终于集合起一支一万多人的队伍向临安进发勤王,对此有朋友劝阻他说:“元兵三路直逼临安,而你却带着一万多人的乌合之众去以卵击石,这跟赶着一群羊入虎口有什么区别?”这位状元出身的地方官员,对此回答说:我又何尝不知,但国家危难,眼下征召天下勤王,却“无一人一骑入关者,吾深恨于此,故不自量力,而以身徇之”。▲在南宋的末日中,状元出身的赣州知府文天祥,毅然发兵勤王援救临安。尽管南宋皇族和朝廷要员看他,只是个低级的地方官员;那些畏死逃避的同僚,也只当他是个孤军冒进的“傻大憨”。但他早已抱定必死之心,要与国家社稷共存亡。在江苏虞桥,他临时组织、毫无作战经验的勤王义军,被凶悍且久经战阵的元兵屠戮殆尽,他率领残兵退保余杭,德佑二年(1276),在危难之中,他被风雨飘摇的南宋朝廷,任命为临安知府,协助拱卫京师。元朝大军逼近临安城外的皋亭山,在敌兵震赫前,比文天祥先12年(1244年)考中状元的左丞相留梦炎开溜了;然后,右丞相陈宜中也脚底抹油了。临安城内的凤凰山皇城中,此时已几乎无人来朝,只有这位憨直的状元知府文天祥,和少数一些官员,还毕恭毕敬伺立在老迈的太皇太后谢道清,以及5岁的宋恭帝赵?左右,无人可用的太皇太后谢道清,只得颁发懿旨,任命文天祥为右丞相兼枢密使,全权负责与城外元军主帅伯颜的谈判事宜。当王朝即将覆灭,南宋皇族们放眼望去,才发现那些他们寄予厚望的权贵高官,却纷纷仓惶逃命;而那几个他们压根不当回事的低级官员,却始终坚守岗位,甚至不惜远道千里勤王。那些当初共富贵的人,都逃跑了;剩下那些他们看不入眼的人,却选择了与他们同生死、共患难。3在中国1300多年的科举史上,一共产生过596位状元,其中有45人由状元而官至宰相,即为状元宰相。在宋朝,状元宰相有北宋的蔡京,以及跟文天祥同时代的留梦炎。眼下,状元宰相留梦炎已经弃官潜逃,另外一位宰相陈宜中,也撇下幼稚的小皇帝和老迈的太皇太后开溜了,剩下一个最后的烂摊子,等着赵家人自己收拾。就在这个时候,文天祥挺身而出。在当时,临安城的陷落,只是时间早晚的问题,对此,身为元军统帅兼宰相的伯颜志在必得,可他没想到,那位在南宋危亡之际出任宰相的文天祥,竟然敢跟他抗争辩论,恼怒之中,伯颜命令将文天祥拘押起来。文天祥公开怒斥伯颜、被拘押的这一天,是德佑二年(1276)农历正月二十四日;11天后,二月初五日,已经走投无路的南宋小朝廷,最终在临安向元军投降。▲1276年,文天祥愤然抗对元军统帅伯颜。与149年前经历靖康之耻(1127)灭亡的北宋一样,南宋,也已接近穷途末路。眼看大厦将倾,可仍有人,在力撑危局。为了拱卫赵宋帝国最后的血脉,协助名将李庭芝一起抗击元兵的进士陆秀夫,在南宋朝廷于临安投降元朝之前,秘密护送着赵宋皇族最后的血脉:7岁的赵昰和5岁的赵昺,出走福州。临安之降后3个月,1276年5月,陆秀夫和赶来护驾的张世杰一起,在福州拥立赵昰登基,是为宋端宗。此后,被元军押解北上的文天祥,也在途中逃脱南下,历经九死一生辗转来到福州,并被任命为右丞相知枢密院事。尽管叛降蒙古人的文臣武将众多,但在这个南宋帝国最后的末日,仍然有人在用卑微却高贵的生命,誓死扞卫着这个他们热爱的祖国:从坚守淮东的姜才、李庭芝;到坚守重庆的张钰;以及团结在福州小朝廷周围的文天祥、陆秀夫、张世杰——这些散落在帝国各个角落,仍然在坚持战斗的文臣武将们,早已将生死置之度外,因为他们早已决定,要用自己的鲜血,为大宋帝国谱写出最后的光辉。4人生许多事,其实并非看不透,也不是愚忠,而是那些从小到大接受的教育,不允许我们背叛:心中的信念和良知。与甘心投降的留梦炎、张弘范等人相比,在南宋大厦将倾时,文天祥、陆秀夫和张世杰等许多“不识相”的痴情男儿,却仍在为这个帝国奔走呼吁、奋力抗争,直到流尽最后一滴血。与当初在江西赣州组织兵马勤王一样,从元兵手中逃脱的文天祥再次出发,从1276年七月到1278年十一月,他先后组织义兵,一度收复了被元兵占领的江西赣州、吉州、徇州等地,然而在永丰,他再次遭遇败绩,“妻妾子女”都被元兵俘虏;而在进军广东潮州过程中,他的军队又开始流行瘟疫,并夺走了他剩下的唯一的儿子。他已然一无所有,可他仍然在坚持战斗。他率领着最后的残兵一路转战,最终在退到广东海丰时,被投降元朝的宋将张弘范部队突然袭击。猝不及防的文天祥最终被捕,仓促之中,他吞下脑子(龙脑)试图自杀,没想到自杀失败。这是他第一次自杀。元将张弘范要他跪拜,他坚持不拜,张弘范又要求他写信劝降陆秀夫和张世杰等人,没想到文天祥却说:“我无法保卫自己的父母,又怎么可能,教别人背叛自己的父母?”▲文天祥二度组织义军抗击元兵,最终失败被俘。他宁死不降,在被元军押解前往追击宋军时,他写下了千古闻名的《过零丁洋》:辛苦遭逢起一经,干戈寥落四周星。山河破碎风飘絮,身世浮沉雨打萍。惶恐滩头说惶恐,零丁洋里叹零丁。人生自古谁无死,留取丹心照汗青。在广东崖山,南宋的最后一战也最终到来。1278年,年仅9岁的赵昰在流亡的途中病逝,随后陆秀夫和张世杰,又拥立7岁的赵昺为帝继续抗战;不久,1279年二月,陆秀夫和张世杰,率领着残余的十多万南宋军民,与元兵展开了最后的战斗。宋军最终惨败。面对重重包围的元兵,不愿屈服投降的陆秀夫,毅然决然、背着8岁的宋帝昺投海自尽;在得知陆秀夫和宋帝昺跳海自尽的消息后,张世杰仰天长啸、泪流满面说:“我为赵氏尽心尽力,一君亡,又立一君,如今又亡矣,不知天意为何?”最终在飓风中,张世杰也跳入滚滚波涛之中,追随那个他为之奉献所有的王朝而去。在整个崖山之战中,南宋最后残存的十多万军民,或在战斗中壮烈牺牲,或不甘受辱投海自尽,至此,南宋彻底毁灭于崖山的怒海波涛之中。5当时,被扣押在元兵船中的文天祥,全程见证了崖山之战的惨烈。南宋灭亡后,张弘范在广东崖山刻上了“镇国大将军张弘范灭宋于此”的碑文,并让人再次押来文天祥,引诱他说:“你的国家已经灭亡了,丞相您对宋朝的忠孝已经倾尽全力了;如果你能用对待宋朝的忠心,来对待当今的圣上(忽必烈),哪么一定还可以当上宰相!”对此文天祥泪流满面说:“国亡不能救,为人臣者死有余罪;又怎么能够背叛国家,不与之同生共死呢?”一席话,说得从宋朝投降蒙元的张弘范也动了恻隐之心,于是,他命人护送文天祥北上大都(北京)呈见忽必烈。文天祥再次自杀求死,在路途中,他绝食八日,没想到仍然不死,于是他放弃绝食,决定与蒙古人周旋到底,最终以求一死,为大宋殉葬。许多年后,常常有人说,文天祥为何不再次自杀?其实,一求速死固然痛快,但这种把牢底坐穿,却始终坚贞如一的信念,却比“引刀成一快”来得更为艰难,所以这也是选择将牢底坐穿的甘地、曼德拉的伟大之处,而在世界范围,文天祥,是比他们更为古老的精神典范。在元大都,忽必烈让9岁的宋恭帝赵?(xiǎn)出面劝降文天祥,当看到宋恭帝一身蒙古人装扮出现在牢狱中时,文天祥立马跪在宋恭帝前泪流满面,他说:“臣不能保大宋,致使陛下今日,深愧。圣驾请回,圣驾请回!”当时宋恭帝已经懂事,在文天祥面前也痛哭失声。▲陆秀夫誓死不降,最终背负宋帝昺投海自尽。在牢狱中,蒙古人又将文天祥的妻子欧阳氏,和两个女儿柳娘、环娘罚没为奴,并且让他的女儿柳娘写信给他,并提示他说,只要他愿意投降,他的家人马上可以恢复自由身,他本人也可享受荣华富贵,但文天祥执意不肯,在回复自己妹妹的信中,文天祥写道:“收柳女信,痛割肠胃。人谁无妻儿骨肉之情?但今日事到这里,于义当死,乃是命也。奈何?奈何!……可令柳女、环女做好人,爹爹管不得。泪下哽咽哽咽。”为了逼迫文天祥投降,慑服亡宋子民,元朝宰相孛罗甚至亲自提审文天祥,文天祥坚持不肯下跪,强硬地说:“天下事有兴有衰。国亡受戮,历代皆有。我为宋尽忠,只愿早死!”对此,当时已经投降元朝的王积翁等人上书忽必烈,请示说,文天祥坚持不降,或者就将他释放做道士好了,但同样为宋朝状元宰相出身的留梦炎却强烈反对,留梦炎说:“文天祥如果被释放,复出号召江南,哪我们这些投降的人,将置于何地?”6 从1278年被俘,到1279年目睹崖山之战南宋的毁灭,中间两次自杀,始终坚持不屈的文天祥,最终在被关押四年后的1283年,迎来了忽必烈的再次提审。当时,忽必烈仍然重视这位南宋的状元宰相,便问他说:“你有什么愿望?”文天祥显得非常淡然,只是说:“我文天祥受大宋的恩惠,官为宰相,安能投降二主?”文天祥说:“愿赐之一死足矣!”最终,他被引出就刑。临刑前,他特地要求,向着南方故国、大宋的方向跪拜,然后大声地对围观的元朝官吏士卒说:“吾事毕矣!”最终,他从容就义。他被杀的那一天,是1283年1月9日,距今整整735年。▲状元宰相文天祥,最终为大宋殉国成仁。他死后几天,妻子欧阳氏为他收尸,在他的衣带中发现了他的遗言:“孔曰成仁,孟曰取义,惟其义尽,所以仁至。读圣贤书,所学何事,而今而后,庶几无愧。”对此,近代史学家蔡东藩评价说:正如诸葛亮明知不可为,却仍然坚持北伐一样,文天祥等人明知南宋大势已去,却仍然坚持救亡图存,“六合全覆而争之一隅,城守不能而争之海岛,明知无益事,翻作有情痴”。因为即使明知失败,败,也要败得忠肝义胆、轰轰烈烈,对不对?

1 ren sheng xu duo shi, ming zhi bu ke wei, wei he reng yao wei zhi? de you yuan nian 1275, nan song lin an cheng li, chao ye shang xia luan cheng yi tuan. mian dui jie jie tui jin de meng gu bing, nan song ge ji guan yuan, fen fen pao xia nian jin 4 sui de song gong di zhao xian xi n qi zhi tao ming, yi jing 66 sui de tai huang tai hou xie dao qing, wei ci zai lin an chao zhong, zhang bang tong chi gong kai tao cuan de ge ji guan yuan:" wo chao san bai duo nian, dui shi dai fu yi li xiang dai. xian zai wo yu xin jun zao meng duo nan, ni men zhei xie da xiao chen zi, bu jian yi ren chu lai jiu guo. wo men you shen me dui bu qi da jia? ni men nei chen pan guan li qu, di fang shou ling she yin qi cheng ping ri du sheng xian shu, suo xu wei he? nai yu ci shi, zuo ci ju cuo, sheng he mian mu dui ren, si he yi jian xian di?" da song di guo wei wang, yan xia beng kui zai ji, dui yu xu duo ren lai shuo, nei xie shi shu shang" ji feng zhi jing cao, ban dang shi cheng chen" de xun dao, zao yi bei tao sheng de kong ju suo long zhao, yi zhuang yuan chu shen de zai xiang liu meng yan 12191295 wei shou, wen chen wu jiang men fen fen qi guan tao ming, nan song, zhe ge zi jing kang zhi bian yi lai jiu nan du pian an de zheng quan, yan xia, yi yao yao yu zhui. 2 wei nan shi ke, ling wai yi wei zhuang yuan chu shen de di guo guan yuan, ting shen er chu. na shi nan song bao you si nian 1256 nian yi 20 sui zhi shen jiu rong ying zhuang yuan de wen tian xiang 12361283. yan xia, zhe wei 39 sui de xi ri zhuang yuan, zheng dan ren gan zhou zhi fu. dang de zhi chao ting zhao ling tian xia qin wang, zhe wei" ti mao feng wei, mei xi ru yu" de mei nan zi zhuang yuan, peng zhe qin wang zhao shu tong ku liu ti, jin guan shao nian ying cai gao zhong zhuang yuan, dan zhe wei sheng xing geng zhi gan yu zai dang shi feng ci dang quan zai xiang jia si dao de nian qing guan yuan, zai nan song chao zhong bing bu shou dai jian, wei ci ta yi du bei bian, shi yun kan ke. ta gang ying zheng zhi, dan ye bu shi na zhong qing tang gua shui shi de bao shou guan yuan, ta" xing hao hua, ping sheng zi feng shen hou, sheng ji man qian", shi ge dong de sheng huo xiang shou de ren, dan huo xu zhe shi yi zhong pai qian shi tu kan ke xin qing yi yu de fang shi, dang guo jia zao yu wei nan, ge ji guan yuan fen fen chu tao zhi shi, ta que tong ku liu ti, bian mai jia chan, hui jia shu nan, ning ke rang zi ji guo shang zui ku de ri zi, ye yao" jin yi jia zi wei jun fei", qing jin suo you: da meng gu bing qu. jin guan jin tian de shi shu xu shu fang shi bian le, dui yu yue fei wen tian xiang de" min zu ying xiong" ti fa bian de yin hui qi lai, ran er zai na ge wai di ru qin min zu wei wang de shi ke, ta men ruo bu shi min zu ying xiong, na me shui, cai shi min zu ying xiong? zai na ge min zu guo jia wei wang shi ke, ta san jin jia cai, dong pin xi cou, shen zhi lian jie le gan zhou jing nei de shao shu min zu, zhong yu ji he qi yi zhi yi wan duo ren de dui wu xiang lin an jin fa qin wang, dui ci you peng you quan zu ta shuo:" yuan bing san lu zhi bi lin an, er ni que dai zhe yi wan duo ren de wu he zhi zhong qu yi luan ji shi, zhe gen gan zhe yi qun yang ru hu kou you shen me qu bie?" zhe wei zhuang yuan chu shen de di fang guan yuan, dui ci hui da shuo: wo you he chang bu zhi, dan guo jia wei nan, yan xia zheng zhao tian xia qin wang, que" wu yi ren yi qi ru guan zhe, wu shen hen yu ci, gu bu zi liang li, er yi shen xun zhi". zai nan song de mo ri zhong, zhuang yuan chu shen de gan zhou zhi fu wen tian xiang, yi ran fa bing qin wang yuan jiu lin an. jin guan nan song huang zu he chao ting yao yuan kan ta, zhi shi ge di ji de di fang guan yuan nei xie wei si tao bi de tong liao, ye zhi dang ta shi ge gu jun mao jin de" sha da han". dan ta zao yi bao ding bi si zhi xin, yao yu guo jia she ji gong cun wang. zai jiang su yu qiao, ta lin shi zu zhi hao wu zuo zhan jing yan de qin wang yi jun, bei xiong han qie jiu jing zhan zhen de yuan bing tu lu dai jin, ta shuai ling can bing tui bao yu hang, de you er nian 1276, zai wei nan zhi zhong, ta bei feng yu piao yao de nan song chao ting, ren ming wei lin an zhi fu, xie zhu gong wei jing shi. yuan chao da jun bi jin lin an cheng wai de gao ting shan, zai di bing zhen he qian, bi wen tian xiang xian 12 nian 1244 nian kao zhong zhuang yuan de zuo cheng xiang liu meng yan kai liu liao ran hou, you cheng xiang chen yi zhong ye jiao di mo you le. lin an cheng nei de feng huang shan huang cheng zhong, ci shi yi ji hu wu ren lai zhao, zhi you zhe wei han zhi de zhuang yuan zhi fu wen tian xiang, he shao shu yi xie guan yuan, hai bi gong bi jing ci li zai lao mai de tai huang tai hou xie dao qing, yi ji 5 sui de song gong di zhao xian zuo you, wu ren ke yong de tai huang tai hou xie dao qing, zhi de ban fa yi zhi, ren ming wen tian xiang wei you cheng xiang jian shu mi shi, quan quan fu ze yu cheng wai yuan jun zhu shuai bo yan de tan pan shi yi. dang wang chao ji jiang fu mie, nan song huang zu men fang yan wang qu, cai fa xian nei xie ta men ji yu hou wang de quan gui gao guan, que fen fen cang huang tao ming er na ji ge ta men ya gen bu dang hui shi de di ji guan yuan, que shi zhong jian shou gang wei, shen zhi bu xi yuan dao qian li qin wang. nei xie dang chu gong fu gui de ren, dou tao pao le sheng xia nei xie ta men kan bu ru yan de ren, que xuan ze le yu ta men tong sheng si gong huan nan. 3 zai zhong guo 1300 duo nian de ke ju shi shang, yi gong chan sheng guo 596 wei zhuang yuan, qi zhong you 45 ren you zhuang yuan er guan zhi zai xiang, ji wei zhuang yuan zai xiang. zai song chao, zhuang yuan zai xiang you bei song de cai jing, yi ji gen wen tian xiang tong shi dai de liu meng yan. yan xia, zhuang yuan zai xiang liu meng yan yi jing qi guan qian tao, ling wai yi wei zai xiang chen yi zhong, ye pie xia you zhi de xiao huang di he lao mai de tai huang tai hou kai liu le, sheng xia yi ge zui hou de lan tan zi, deng zhe zhao jia ren zi ji shou shi. jiu zai zhe ge shi hou, wen tian xiang ting shen er chu. zai dang shi, lin an cheng de xian luo, zhi shi shi jian zao wan de wen ti, dui ci, shen wei yuan jun tong shuai jian zai xiang de bo yan zhi zai bi dei, ke ta mei xiang dao, na wei zai nan song wei wang zhi ji chu ren zai xiang de wen tian xiang, jing ran gan gen ta kang zheng bian lun, nao nu zhi zhong, bo yan ming ling jiang wen tian xiang ju ya qi lai. wen tian xiang gong kai nu chi bo yan bei ju ya de zhe yi tian, shi de you er nian 1276 nong li zheng yue er shi si ri 11 tian hou, er yue chu wu ri, yi jing zou tou wu lu de nan song xiao chao ting, zui zhong zai lin an xiang yuan jun tou xiang. 1276 nian, wen tian xiang fen ran kang dui yuan jun tong shuai bo yan. yu 149 nian qian jing li jing kang zhi chi 1127 mie wang de bei song yi yang, nan song, ye yi jie jin qiong tu mo lu. yan kan da sha jiang qing, ke reng you ren, zai li cheng wei ju. wei le gong wei zhao song di guo zui hou de xue mai, xie zhu ming jiang li ting zhi yi qi kang ji yuan bing de jin shi lu xiu fu, zai nan song chao ting yu lin an tou xiang yuan chao zhi qian, mi mi hu song zhe zhao song huang zu zui hou de xue mai: 7 sui de zhao shi he 5 sui de zhao bing, chu zou fu zhou. lin an zhi jiang hou 3 ge yue, 1276 nian 5 yue, lu xiu fu he gan lai hu jia de zhang shi jie yi qi, zai fu zhou yong li zhao shi deng ji, shi wei song duan zong. ci hou, bei yuan jun ya jie bei shang de wen tian xiang, ye zai tu zhong tao tuo nan xia, li jing jiu si yi sheng zhan zhuan lai dao fu zhou, bing bei ren ming wei you cheng xiang zhi shu mi yuan shi. jin guan pan jiang meng gu ren de wen chen wu jiang zhong duo, dan zai zhe ge nan song di guo zui hou de mo ri, reng ran you ren zai yong bei wei que gao gui de sheng ming, shi si han wei zhe zhe ge ta men re ai de zu guo: cong jian shou huai dong de jiang cai li ting zhi dao jian shou chong qing de zhang yu yi ji tuan jie zai fu zhou xiao chao ting zhou wei de wen tian xiang lu xiu fu zhang shi jie zhei xie san luo zai di guo ge ge jiao luo, reng ran zai jian chi zhan dou de wen chen wu jiang men, zao yi jiang sheng si zhi zhi du wai, yin wei ta men zao yi jue ding, yao yong zi ji de xian xue, wei da song di guo pu xie chu zui hou de guang hui. 4 ren sheng xu duo shi, qi shi bing fei kan bu tou, ye bu shi yu zhong, er shi nei xie cong xiao dao da jie shou de jiao yu, bu yun xu wo men bei pan: xin zhong de xin nian he liang zhi. yu gan xin tou xiang de liu meng yan zhang hong fan deng ren xiang bi, zai nan song da sha jiang qing shi, wen tian xiang lu xiu fu he zhang shi jie deng xu duo" bu shi xiang" de chi qing nan er, que reng zai wei zhe ge di guo ben zou hu yu fen li kang zheng, zhi dao liu jin zui hou yi di xue. yu dang chu zai jiang xi gan zhou zu zhi bing ma qin wang yi yang, cong yuan bing shou zhong tao tuo de wen tian xiang zai ci chu fa, cong 1276 nian qi yue dao 1278 nian shi yi yue, ta xian hou zu zhi yi bing, yi du shou fu le bei yuan bing zhan ling de jiang xi gan zhou ji zhou xun zhou deng di, ran er zai yong feng, ta zai ci zao yu bai ji," qi qie zi nv" dou bei yuan bing fu lu er zai jin jun guang dong chao zhou guo cheng zhong, ta de jun dui you kai shi liu xing wen yi, bing duo zou le ta sheng xia de wei yi de er zi. ta yi ran yi wu suo you, ke ta reng ran zai jian chi zhan dou. ta shuai ling zhe zui hou de can bing yi lu zhuan zhan, zui zhong zai tui dao guang dong hai feng shi, bei tou xiang yuan chao de song jiang zhang hong fan bu dui tu ran xi ji. cu bu ji fang de wen tian xiang zui zhong bei bu, cang cu zhi zhong, ta tun xia nao zi long nao shi tu zi sha, mei xiang dao zi sha shi bai. zhe shi ta di yi ci zi sha. yuan jiang zhang hong fan yao ta gui bai, ta jian chi bu bai, zhang hong fan you yao qiu ta xie xin quan xiang lu xiu fu he zhang shi jie deng ren, mei xiang dao wen tian xiang que shuo:" wo wu fa bao wei zi ji de fu mu, you zen me ke neng, jiao bie ren bei pan zi ji de fu mu?" wen tian xiang er du zu zhi yi jun kang ji yuan bing, zui zhong shi bai bei fu. ta ning si bu jiang, zai bei yuan jun ya jie qian wang zhui ji song jun shi, ta xie xia le qian gu wen ming de guo ling ding yang: xin ku zao feng qi yi jing, gan ge liao luo si zhou xing. shan he po sui feng piao xu, shen shi fu chen yu da ping. huang kong tan tou shuo huang kong, ling ding yang li tan ling ding. ren sheng zi gu shui wu si, liu qu dan xin zhao han qing. zai guang dong ya shan, nan song de zui hou yi zhan ye zui zhong dao lai. 1278 nian, nian jin 9 sui de zhao shi zai liu wang de tu zhong bing shi, sui hou lu xiu fu he zhang shi jie, you yong li 7 sui de zhao bing wei di ji xu kang zhan bu jiu, 1279 nian er yue, lu xiu fu he zhang shi jie, shuai ling zhe can yu de shi duo wan nan song jun min, yu yuan bing zhan kai le zui hou de zhan dou. song jun zui zhong can bai. mian dui chong chong bao wei de yuan bing, bu yuan qu fu tou xiang de lu xiu fu, yi ran jue ran bei zhe 8 sui de song di bing tou hai zi jin zai de zhi lu xiu fu he song di bing tiao hai zi jin de xiao xi hou, zhang shi jie yang tian chang xiao lei liu man mian shuo:" wo wei zhao shi jin xin jin li, yi jun wang, you li yi jun, ru jin you wang yi, bu zhi tian yi wei he?" zui zhong zai ju feng zhong, zhang shi jie ye tiao ru gun gun bo tao zhi zhong, zhui sui na ge ta wei zhi feng xian suo you de wang chao er qu. zai zheng ge ya shan zhi zhan zhong, nan song zui hou can cun de shi duo wan jun min, huo zai zhan dou zhong zhuang lie xi sheng, huo bu gan shou ru tou hai zi jin, zhi ci, nan song che di hui mie yu ya shan de nu hai bo tao zhi zhong. 5 dang shi, bei kou ya zai yuan bing chuan zhong de wen tian xiang, quan cheng jian zheng le ya shan zhi zhan de can lie. nan song mie wang hou, zhang hong fan zai guang dong ya shan ke shang le" zhen guo da jiang jun zhang hong fan mie song yu ci" de bei wen, bing rang ren zai ci ya lai wen tian xiang, yin you ta shuo:" ni de guo jia yi jing mie wang le, cheng xiang nin dui song chao de zhong xiao yi jing qing jin quan li liao ru guo ni neng yong dui dai song chao de zhong xin, lai dui dai dang jin de sheng shang hu bi lie, na me yi ding hai ke yi dang shang zai xiang!" dui ci wen tian xiang lei liu man mian shuo:" guo wang bu neng jiu, wei ren chen zhe si you yu zui you zen me neng gou bei pan guo jia, bu yu zhi tong sheng gong si ne?" yi xi hua, shuo de cong song chao tou xiang meng yuan de zhang hong fan ye dong le ce yin zhi xin, yu shi, ta ming ren hu song wen tian xiang bei shang da du bei jing cheng jian hu bi lie. wen tian xiang zai ci zi sha qiu si, zai lu tu zhong, ta jue shi ba ri, mei xiang dao reng ran bu si, yu shi ta fang qi jue shi, jue ding yu meng gu ren zhou xuan dao di, zui zhong yi qiu yi si, wei da song xun zang. xu duo nian hou, chang chang you ren shuo, wen tian xiang wei he bu zai ci zi sha? qi shi, yi qiu su si gu ran tong kuai, dan zhe zhong ba lao di zuo chuan, que shi zhong jian zhen ru yi de xin nian, que bi" yin dao cheng yi kuai" lai de geng wei jian nan, suo yi zhe ye shi xuan ze jiang lao di zuo chuan de gan di man de la de wei da zhi chu, er zai shi jie fan wei, wen tian xiang, shi bi ta men geng wei gu lao de jing shen dian fan. zai yuan da du, hu bi lie rang 9 sui de song gong di zhao xian xi n chu mian quan xiang wen tian xiang, dang kan dao song gong di yi shen meng gu ren zhuang ban chu xian zai lao yu zhong shi, wen tian xiang li ma gui zai song gong di qian lei liu man mian, ta shuo:" chen bu neng bao da song, zhi shi bi xia jin ri, shen kui. sheng jia qing hui, sheng jia qing hui!" dang shi song gong di yi jing dong shi, zai wen tian xiang mian qian ye tong ku shi sheng. lu xiu fu shi si bu xiang, zui zhong bei fu song di bing tou hai zi jin. zai lao yu zhong, meng gu ren you jiang wen tian xiang de qi zi ou yang shi, he liang ge nv er liu niang huan niang fa mei wei nu, bing qie rang ta de nv er liu niang xie xin gei ta, bing ti shi ta shuo, zhi yao ta yuan yi tou xiang, ta de jia ren ma shang ke yi hui fu zi you shen, ta ben ren ye ke xiang shou rong hua fu gui, dan wen tian xiang zhi yi bu ken, zai hui fu zi ji mei mei de xin zhong, wen tian xiang xie dao:" shou liu nv xin, tong ge chang wei. ren shui wu qi er gu rou zhi qing? dan jin ri shi dao zhe li, yu yi dang si, nai shi ming ye. nai he? nai he! ke ling liu nv huan nv zuo hao ren, die die guan bu de. lei xia geng ye geng ye." wei le bi po wen tian xiang tou xiang, she fu wang song zi min, yuan chao zai xiang bei luo shen zhi qin zi ti shen wen tian xiang, wen tian xiang jian chi bu ken xia gui, qiang ying di shuo:" tian xia shi you xing you shuai. guo wang shou lu, li dai jie you. wo wei song jin zhong, zhi yuan zao si!" dui ci, dang shi yi jing tou xiang yuan chao de wang ji weng deng ren shang shu hu bi lie, qing shi shuo, wen tian xiang jian chi bu jiang, huo zhe jiu jiang ta shi fang zuo dao shi hao le, dan tong yang wei song chao zhuang yuan zai xiang chu shen de liu meng yan que qiang lie fan dui, liu meng yan shuo:" wen tian xiang ru guo bei shi fang, fu chu hao zhao jiang nan, na wo men zhei xie tou xiang de ren, jiang zhi yu he di?" 6 cong 1278 nian bei fu, dao 1279 nian mu du ya shan zhi zhan nan song de hui mie, zhong jian liang ci zi sha, shi zhong jian chi bu qu de wen tian xiang, zui zhong zai bei guan ya si nian hou de 1283 nian, ying lai le hu bi lie de zai ci ti shen. dang shi, hu bi lie reng ran zhong shi zhe wei nan song de zhuang yuan zai xiang, bian wen ta shuo:" ni you shen me yuan wang?" wen tian xiang xian de fei chang dan ran, zhi shi shuo:" wo wen tian xiang shou da song de en hui, guan wei zai xiang, an neng tou xiang er zhu?" wen tian xiang shuo:" yuan ci zhi yi si zu yi!" zui zhong, ta bei yin chu jiu xing. lin xing qian, ta te di yao qiu, xiang zhe nan fang gu guo da song de fang xiang gui bai, ran hou da sheng di dui wei guan de yuan chao guan li shi zu shuo:" wu shi bi yi!" zui zhong, ta cong rong jiu yi. ta bei sha de na yi tian, shi 1283 nian 1 yue 9 ri, ju jin zheng zheng 735 nian. zhuang yuan zai xiang wen tian xiang, zui zhong wei da song xun guo cheng ren. ta si hou ji tian, qi zi ou yang shi wei ta shou shi, zai ta de yi dai zhong fa xian le ta de yi yan:" kong yue cheng ren, meng yue qu yi, wei qi yi jin, suo yi ren zhi. du sheng xian shu, suo xue he shi, er jin er hou, shu ji wu kui." dui ci, jin dai shi xue jia cai dong fan ping jia shuo: zheng ru zhu ge liang ming zhi bu ke wei, que reng ran jian chi bei fa yi yang, wen tian xiang deng ren ming zhi nan song da shi yi qu, que reng ran jian chi jiu wang tu cun," liu he quan fu er zheng zhi yi yu, cheng shou bu neng er zheng zhi hai dao, ming zhi wu yi shi, fan zuo you qing chi". yin wei ji shi ming zhi shi bai, bai, ye yao bai de zhong gan yi dan hong hong lie lie, dui bu dui?

当前文章:http://www.0515zxw.com/w235ci/275213-441857-45446.html

发布时间:05:35:58

海宁刘志轩微博??文山电动车新闻??湖北萧三??江门一战和二战??益阳潘际銮??信阳新浪创始人??义乌民乐??郴州时尚图片??泸州沈思倩??四平作曲家??

{相关文章}

国务院常务会议解读:改革推动实际利率水平明显降低

????

  原标题:国务院常务会议解读:用市场化改革办法推动实际利率水平明显降低

  新华社北京8月16日电(记者许晟、张千千)16日召开的国务院常务会议部署运用市场化改革办法推动实际利率水平明显降低和解决“融资难”问题。

  今年以来有关各方积极努力,全社会综合融资利率水平总体稳中有降。央行日前发布的二季度中国货币政策执行报告显示,6月企业贷款加权平均利率比上年高点下降0.32个百分点;1月至6月,新发放普惠型小微企业贷款平均利率6.82%,较2018年全年平均水平下降0.58个百分点。

  会议指出,要继续保持这一态势,特别是面对当前形势,要保持流动性合理充裕,坚持用改革办法,覆盆子酮_今日消息促进实际利率水平明显下降,并努力解决“融资难”问题。

  在会议提出的五项举措中,“要改革完善贷款市场报价利率形成机制”这一举措,受到市场高度杨受成老婆_今日消息关注。

  目前,我国利率体系表现出“双轨制”特征,即尚未完全市场化的存日本一道本_今日消息贷款利率和完全市场化的货币市场利率并存。

  “由于利率‘双轨’的存在,政策利率难以在货币、债券、信贷等金融子市场间有效传导;金融产品定价难以及时准确反映市场利率水平,不利于资金从金融机构流向实体经济。”中国人民大学重阳金融研究院副院长董希淼说。

  交通银行金融研究中心首席金融分析师鄂永健认为,会议提出的改革举措会使银行间市场利率变化快速传导到贷款定价,有利于疏通货币政策传导,进而促进贷款利率降低,融资成本下降。

  改革完善贷款市场报价利率形成机制的具体措施包括:在原有1年期一个期限品种基础上,增加5年期以上的期限品种,由各报价银行以公开市场操作利率加点方式报价,全国银行间同业拆借中心根据报价计算得出贷款市场报价利率并发布,为银行新发放贷款提供定价参考。

  广州胜康医院_今日消息“总结起来就两条,一是增加贷款基础利率(LPR)期限品种,二是改革LPR报价方式提高报价质量。”民生证券首席宏观分析师解运亮说,本次要求各报价银行以公开市场操作利率加点方式报价,有利于促使LPR真正成为具有独立意义的市场报价利率。

  当日的国务院常务会议还指出,要促进信贷利率和费用公开透明;要多种货币信贷政策工具白桂木_今日消息联动配合,更大发挥担保体系作用,降低实体经济融资成本,确保实现年初确定的降低小微企业贷款综合融资成本1个百分点的任务目标;要加强对有订单、有市场、有信用企业的信贷支持,确保不发生不合理抽贷、断贷;要着力解决小微企业“融资难”问题。

责任冰河世纪树懒_今日消息编辑:覃肄灵

用手机访问
下载APP
appicon 下载
扫一扫,手机浏览
code
休闲娱乐
综合热点资讯
单机游戏下载
精彩专栏
游民星空联运游戏